and Indians' Advocate
Wednesday, March 17, 1830
Vol. II, no. 48
Page 2, col. 1a-1b
The following articles copied from the Arkansas Gazette, we recommend to Dr. Ely, for he is the only one we had noticed who can draw powerful arguments from such transactions among the western Indians, in favor of the removal of those east of the Mississippi.
THE LATE OSAGE VICTORY.
The following extract of a letter, from a gentleman at the Western Creek Agency, dated 10th ult., to another in this place, contains some farther particulars of the victory which the Osages have recently obtained over their enemies the Pawnees, than we were in possession of when we published the account of it in our paper of the 2d. inst.
"The Osages have just returned from a war expedition against their foes, the Pawnees.--They arrived at their town triumphantly, having met with unbounded success. They went to the Pawnee town, about 300 in number, and drove them, after a short but bloody battle, into a large lake, where the Osages laid down their guns and chased them in the lake with the tomahawk, and massacred them before they could make their escape. It is asserted by them, that, since their knowledge of the Pawnees, they never have as yet had a fight where so much blood was spilt. It is remarkable, that the Osages did not lose a single man. The number of Pawnees killed is about 80 or 90--5 women taken prisoners--& they bro't in 81 horses, which they stole from the Pawnees."
The late Indian Murder.--The following is an extract of a letter to the Editor, from a respectable citizen residing at Miller C. H., dated 3d inst. Some of the particulars of the murder to which it alludes, were published in our paper of the 2d. inst.
"Mr. Isaac Murphy was murdered by a party of from 12 to 15 Indians, while at work in his field, on the 22d Jan. The citizens, to the number of about 40, have pursued them, but have not yet returned. It is not ascertained what Indians committed the murder. Mr. Murphy was a respectable citizen, living about 3 miles from this place."
"P. S. Since writing the foregoing, the citizens who went in pursuit
of the Indians, have returned, after having pursued them to the Cross-timbers,
without overtaking them.- They ascertained them to be Pawnees; from their sign
and trail tending directly toward their villages. Signs of numerous bodies
of Indians, were discovered within 12 or 15 miles of the settlement, but it
is presumed that none came in except those who committed the murder.- The Cadoes
are suspected of being concerned in the affair."
"The citizens on Red River are much alarmed, being apprehensive that the Indians will return again as soon as the grass springs up sufficiently for them to subsist their horses."