and Indians' Advocate
vol. 1, no. 51
Wednesday, March 4, 1829
p. 2 Col. 2b
The following is an extract of a letter addressed to the Editor, dated,
JAFFREYVILLE C.N. Jan. 29, 1829.
I write to inform you that those of this place, who have emigrated for the Arkansas Country have sold their stocks and improvements to citizens of the United States. Those who have bought their place are at this time moving in, and some of them have already moved and are in possession of those places. Some of the emigrating party are now lying at Gunter's Landing waiting for a tide. It appears that the preceding of these people will be the cause of considerable confusion between the Cherokees and the whites. Our citizens, I believe, would wish to take possession of these improvements, if it were not for their white neighbors, who think they have a great right to them.
We are obliged to (Cherokee name) for his communication. Our limits
will not allow us to insert but a short extract of it.
"The Indian is obliged to look up to the white man for protection. This protection the white man has solemnly promised to the Indian in their great Councils. The white man is bound to keep the Indian in his arms, to shelter him from all dangers, and the time has come when this promise must be put to the test. It is not for me to say in what way it will be disposed. All that we can do is to place our confidence in our elder brother -- if his promise is violated we must then be subject to his future proceedings for power is in his hands. If he says to us, you must move west of the Mississippi, we will then, perhaps be obliged to move, but it will not be congenial to our feelings -- for the country is not desirable -- it is inhabited by a few savage nations of Indians.
If the white man wishes to civilize the Indians why does he send them to the west? Would a removal thither be civilization? No, I would rather be inclined to think that it would be placing them in a more savage, destitute and deplorable condition. The Indians from time immemorial were savages and knew nothing about civilization, until they mingled with the whites -- all that the Indians know, they have derived from their white brethren. Why is it that an attempt is made to drive them into darkness again? The cause is avaricious disposition. The possessions of the Indians are quite small and their numbers are but insignificant, but they do not wish to be driven like a great herd of Antelopes."