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Cherokee Phoenix
Thursday, March 27, 1828
Vol. I, No. 6
Page 1, col. 1a

CHEROKEE LAWS.

 New Town, Cherokee N. Nov. 2, 1819,

 Resolved by the National Committee and Council, That any white man who shall hereafter take a Cherokee woman to wife be required to marry her legally by a minister of the gospel, or other authorized person, after procuring license from the national clerk for that purpose, before he shall be entitled and admitted to the privilege of citizenship; and in order to avoid imposition on the part of any white man.

 Resolved, That any white man who shall marry a Cherokee woman, the property of the woman so married, shall not be subject to the disposal of her husband, contrary to her consent, and any white man so married and parting from his wife without just provocation, shall forfeit and pay to his wife such sum or sums, as may be adjudged to her by the N. Committee & Council for said breach of marriage, and be deprived of citizenship.  And it is also resolved, that it shall not be lawful for any white man to have more than one wife, and it is also recommended that all other should also have but one wife hereafter.

 By order,
  JNO. ROSS, Pres't N. Com.
    his
 Approved PATH x KILLER
    mark
   CHARLES HICKS.
 A. M'COY, Clerk.
__________________

 New Town, October 24, 1820
 Resolved by the National Committee and Council, That single white men are hereby admitted to be employed as clerks to any of the stores belonging to natives, which may be established in this Nation, on condition, that the employer obtains a permit and becomes responsible for the good behavior of such clerks, and it is also resolved, that nay person or persons, whatsoever, who shall bring into the Cherokee Nation, without permission from the National Committee and Council, a white family, & rents lands to the same, and proofs being authenticated before any of the judges in the district Councils, for such offenses they shall forfeit and pay the sum of 500 dollars, and one hundred stripes on the bare back.
 By order-JNO. ROSS, Pres't. N. Com.

    his
 Approved PATH  x  KILLER
    mark
  CHARLES HICKS
 A. M'COY, Clerk.
________________

 New Town, October 20, 1820.
 Resolved by the National Committee and Council, That the Cherokee Nation shall be laid off into eight districts, and that a council house shall be established in each district for the purpose of holding councils to administer justice in all causes and complaints that may be brought forward for trial and there shall be one judge and one marshal in each district, and one circuit Judge to have jurisdiction over two districts, to associate with the district judges in determining all causes agreeable to the National laws, and the marshals to execute the decisions of the judges in their respective districts, and the District Councils to be held in the spring and fall seasons, and one company of light-horse to accompany each circuit judge on his official duties, in his respective districts, and to execute such punishment on thieves as the judges and Council shall decide, agreeably to law; and it shall be the duty of the marshals to collect all debts, and shall be entitled to eight per cent for the same; and the Nation to defray the expenses of each District Council, and in case of opposition to the marshals in the execution of their duty, they shall be justifiable in protecting their persons from injury in the same  manner as is provided for the National light horse by law.

 By order of the National Committee,
 JNO. ROSS, Pres't N. Committee
    his
      PATH x KILLER
    mark
 CHARLES HICKS.
 A. M'COY, Sec'y to the Council.
___________________

 New Town, October 25, 1820.
 Resolved by the National Committee and Council, That a ranger shall be appointed in each district, whose duty it shall be to receive, post and advertise, all stray horses that may be found in their respective districts, giving the age, height, color, & marks, as plain as possible, and should the proper owner not reclaim his horse or horses in two months after posting such horse or horses, they shall be sold at public sale, on six months credit, and the purchaser keeping such horse or horses six months, and should the proper owner not reclaim his horse or horses in that time, such horse or horses to be the  rightful property of the purchaser; the money arising from the sales to be paid into the National Treasury; and the ranger shall be entitled to one dollar for every horse so posted; and it shall further be the duty of the ranger, to endeavor to place in good hands all work horses for keeping on account of their labor, or otherwise; one dollar per week shall be allowed for keeping a horse on forage.
 By order of the N. Committee,
 JNO ROSS, Pres't N. Committee.
    his
 Approved PATH  x  KILLER
    mark
   CHARLES HICKS.
 A. M'COY, Clerk.
_______________

 New Town, October 25, 1820.

 Resolved by the National Committee and Council, That each head of a family shall pay a poll tax of fifty cents, and each single man under the age of sixty years shall also pay fifty cents per annum, to be collected by the marshals in each District, and paid into the National treasury, to be applied to such purposes as the national committee and Council shall deem proper.
 By order of the National Committee,
 JNO. ROSS, Pres't N. Com.
   his
  PATH  x   KILLER
       mark
  CHARLES HICKS.
 A.M'COY, Clerk.
__________________

 New Town, October 25, 1820

 Resolved by the National Committee and Council, That a national turnpike gate shall be erected to the Federal road, near Captain David M'Nair's and the rates of toll shall be equal to that of the turnpike on the Nickojack road, at Hicks' and the rates of the turnpike toll at Coosawatee shall be reduced so as to make it also equal to the one on the Nickojack road; and it is also resolved, that those persons who have entered into contract for the repairing of the Federal road, shall be bound in the penalty of the sum contracted for each payment, for the faithful performance of their contracts for putting the road in good repair.
 By order of the N.Committee,
 JNO ROSS, Pres't N. Com.
   his
  PATH x KILLER
   mark
  CHARLES HICKS
 A.M'COY, Clerk N. Com.
____________

 New Town, October 226, 1820.
WHEREAS, much inconvenience and expense have devolved on the Missionaries from their scholars running away from school, and the negligence on the part of the parents to take such children back to the schools; therefore,
 Resolved by the National Committee and Council, That in future, any scholars, who are now or may hereafter be put under the tuition of the Missionary Seminaries in the Cherokee Nation by the voluntary consent of their parents or guardians, who shall leave such schools without permission from their teachers and without just provocation, and shall return home to their parents or guardians, and after application being duly made by any person authorized by the superintendents of the mission establishments from which such scholars ran away, to their parents or guardians, refusing to take proper measures to compel their children to return to school, they shall be bound to pay all expenses incurred by their children to the mission establishment for clothing, board, and tuition, to the superintendents of such institutions; and further,
 Resolved That the superintendents of the missionary stations shall have privilege to take out of their schools such scholars as they shall deem proper, with the consent of their parents or guardians, and bind them out to learn such mechanical trades as may be attached to their respective establishments, to the best interest of the apprentices so bound; and in case of elopement of such apprentices, the same rules and regulations provided for in the foregoing resolution shall be observed, and that the nation shall procure, at the public expense, a set of tools for every such apprentice who shall  have learned a trade.

 By order of the National committee,
  JNO. ROSS, Pres't N. Com.
 Approved,
    his
      PATH  x KILLER
                   mark
   CHARLES HICKS.
 A. M'COY, Clerk N. Com.
_____________________

 New Town, November 2, 1820.

 Resolved by the National Committee and Council, That each District shall be entitled to four members to represent them in the national council, and that each member shall be allowed one dollar per day for his services, during the sitting of the councils, and that a Speaker to the council be appointed and allowed one dollar and fifty cents per day for his services, and the clerk of the council be allowed two dollars and fifty cents per day, and that the two principal chiefs, viz: THE PATH KILLER, shall be allowed one hundred and fifty dollars per annum, and CHARLES R. HICKS two hundred dollars per annum, considering the burden of writing and interpreting which devolves on him entitles him to this difference; and,
 Be it resolved also,  That each committee man be allowed two dollars per day, and the President of the committee be allowed three dollars and fifty cents per day, and their clerk two dollars and fifty cents per day, during the sitting of the national council; and a member of the committee shall be chosen as an Interpreter, and be allowed fifty cents per day in addition to his pay.
 By order of the National Com.
  JNO. ROSS, Pres't N. Com.
  EHNAUTAUNAUEH,
   Speaker of Council.
    his
   PATH x KILLER
    mark
   CHARLES HICKS..
 A. M'COY, Clerk N. Committee