Anthony Hickey

Department of Anthropology and Sociology
Professor - Sociology

Anthony Hickey

Anthony Andrew Hickey
Office: Department of Anthropology and Sociology .
107B McKee 
Western Carolina University 
Cullowhee, NC 28723
(828) 227- 3832 /

Ph. D. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1973-1975,
        - Major: Development Sociology
        - Minors: Research Methods and Community Service Education
        - Dissertation: "Inequality and Service Delivery: The Utilization of Medical Services."

M.S. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1972-1973,
    - Major: Development Sociology
    - Minor: Rural Sociology
    - Thesis: "Level of Living: A Methodological Assessment."

B.S. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1967-1971,
    - Major: Rural Sociology

Professor of Sociology 1986-present
Western Carolina University
Cullowhee, NC 28723

Dean, Research and Graduate Studies 1986-1997
Western Carolina University
Cullowhee, NC 28723

Assistant; Associate Dean, Graduate School 1982-1986
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030

Associate Professor of Sociology 1979-1986
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030

Visiting Professor Summer 1978-
Padagaogische Hochschule
Hannover, Federal Republic of Germany

Acting Chair, Department of Sociology 1976-1977
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030

Assistant Professor of Sociology 1975-1979
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030

Research Associate 1974
Institute on Man and Science
Rensselaerville, New York

- Finalist, College of Arts and Sciences Teaching Award, Western Carolina University, 2000, 2001.
-Governor's Award for Outstanding Volunteer Service. 2000
- Honorary Professor, Guandong Management Cadre College, People's Republic of China, 1988.
- Danforth Associate, 1978-1986.
- Smith-Lever Fellowship, Cornell University, 1973-1974.
- Dean's List, Cornell University, 1969-70; 1970-71.

Statistical Techniques for Social Research. Random House, Inc., January, 1986.

Workbook for Statistical Techniques for Social Research (with Jo Ann S. Hickey). Random House, Inc., January, 1986.

Migration, Mobility and Borders: Lssues of Theory and Policy, Edited (With Thomas Geisen and Allen Karcher), Frankfort, Germany: IKO-Verlag, 2004

"Introduction" (Co-Author) in: Migration, Mobility and Borders: Issues of Theory and Policy, Geisen, Thomas, Anthony Andrew Hickey and Allen Karcher Eds. IKO-Verlag, Frankfort, 2004

"Gambling and the Economic Security of the American Indian: The Case of the Eastern Band of the Cherokees" in: Migration, Mobility and Borders: Issues of Theory and Policy, Geisen, Thomas, Anthony Andrew Hickey and Allen Karcher, Eds. IKO-Verlag, Frankfort, 2004.

" Community Attachment and Migration", In: Mobilities and Mentalities, Thomas Geisen, Editor IKO-Verlag, Frankfurt, Germany March 2002.

"School District Effectiveness and Academic Achievement: A Reanalysis." Sociological
Focus, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1988 (with L. Kalof and T. Dietz).

"A Model for Integrating Research Administration and Graduate School Operations at a Regional Comprehensive University." Research Management Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring 1988 (with K. W. King).

"Areal Differentiation in Virginia: A Research Note." Virginia Social Science Journal, Vol. 23, Winter 1988 (with A. S. Barna and L. Kalof).

"Development Activities by American Missionaries in Sub-Saharan Africa." Sociology and Social Research, Vol. 72, No. 1, October 1987 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Fieldwork in Swaziland: True Confessions and More." The Rural Sociologist, Vol. 7, No. 4, July 1987 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Black Farmers in Virginia, 1930-1978: An Analysis of the Social Organization of Agriculture." Rural Sociology, Vol. 52, No. 1, Spring 1987 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Network of Assistance: A Vertical Pattern of the Community." The Journal of the Community Development Society, Vol.13, No. 1, 1982.

"Recreational and Community Activities of Dentists." Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 15A, No. 7, December 1981 (with Thomasina Borkman and William Ayer).

"Changing Sex Roles: Married Women in the Labor Force." Information Der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Fur Interdisziplinare Angewandte Sozialforschung, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1980 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Inequality and Service Delivery: The Utilization of Medical Services." Journal of Social Service Research, Vol. 2, No. 3, Spring 1979.

"Children's Food Behavior Responses to Television Advertisements." Journal of Nutrition Education, Vol. 6, No. 3, July-September 1974 (with K. Clancy-Hepburn and G. Neville).

"Inequality and Service Access: Toward a Conceptual Framework." Paths Out of Poverty Working Paper Series, Northeast Regional Research Project NE-68, November 1974 (with J. W. Converse).

"Who Pays the Fuel Bill." Human Ecology Forum, Vol. 3, No. 3, Winter 1974 (with Randolph Cantrell, K. Clancy-Hepburn and J. Wright).


Chippawa Lake: A Community in Search of an Identity. Cindy Hull, Michigan State Press, 2012

Confronting Ecological Crises in Appalachia and the South: University and Community Partnerships. Stephanie McSpirit et. al. (eds) Kentucky Press, 2012

Remaking the Heartland: Middle America Since the 1950s. Robert Wuthnow, Princeton University Press. 2011.

Critical Rural Theory: Structure, Space, and Culture. Alexander Thomas et. al., (eds) Lexington Books, 2011

Removing Mountains: Extracting Nature and Identity in the Appalachian Coalfields, University of Minnesota Press, 2010. Choice, 2011

Habits of the Heartland: Small Town in Rural America, Lyn C. Macgregor. Cornell University Press, 2010. Choice, 2010

Out of the Dark: A History of Radio and Rural America, Steve Craig, University of Alabama Press, 2009. Choice, 2010

Technonatures: Environments, Technologies, Spaces, and Places in the Twenty-First Century. Damian F. White and Chris Wilbert Eds. Wilfred Laurier, 2009. Choice 2009

Survival of Rural America: Small Victories and Bitter Harvests. Richard E. Wood, University Press of Kansas, 2008. Choice 2009

Handbook of Emergent Methods. Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy. Sage Publications 2008, Choice, 2008

After the Disaster: Re-Creating Community and Well-Being at Buffalo Creek sine the Notorious Coal Ming Disaster in 1972. T. P. Schwartz-Barcott, Cambria Press, 2008 Choice, 2009

Love Canal Revisted: Race, Class, and Gender in Environmental Activism. Elizabeth D. Blum. University Press of Kansas, 2008. Choice 2009

Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice. David Naquib Pellow, MIT Press, 2007 Choice 2008

Daughters of the Mountain: Woman Coal Miners in Central Appalachia. Suzanne Tallichet.Penn State University Press, 2006, Choice 2007

Communities and Forests :Where People Meet the Land Robert G. Lee and Donald R. Field Eds. Oregon State, 2005. Choice 2006

Rooted in Place: Family and Belonging in a Southern Black Community, William W. Falk, Rutgers, 2004. Choice, 2005

Prairie Town: Redefining Rural Life in the Age of Globalization, Jacqueline Edmondson. Rowman and Littlefield, 2003, Choice

Better Together:Restoring the American Community, Robert Putnam and Lewis Feldstein, Simon and Shuster, 2003, Choice

Persistence and Change in Rural Communities: A 50 Year Follow Up to Six Classic Studies, Lulof, Al and Richard Krannich, Editors, Choice, 2003

The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Justice, Immigrant Workers and the High-Tech Global Economy, Pellow, David and Lisa Park, Choice, 2003

Handbook of Environmental Sociology, Dunlap. Riley and Wlliam Michelson, Editors, Choice, 2002

The UDF: A History of the United Democratic Front in South Africa, Seekings, Jeremy Choice, 2000.

Principles of Research Design in the Social Sciences, Bechhofer, Frank and Lindsay Paterson. Choice, 2000.

The Road to Poverty: The Making of Wealth and Hardship in Appalachia, Billings, Dwight B., and Kathleen M. Blee, Choice, 2000.

The Tainted Desert: Environmental Ruin and the American West, Valerie L. Kuletz, Choice, 1998.

Toward and End to Hunger in America, Eisinger, Peter K., Brookings Institution, Choice, 1998.

Community Development around the World: Practice, Theory, Research, Training, Hubert Campfens, Editor, Choice,1997.

Harvest of Hope: Family Farming/Farming Families, Lorraine Garkovitch, Janet L. Bokemeier and Barbara Foote, Choice, 1996.

Gender and Development: Rethinking Modernization and Dependency Theory, Catherine V. Scott, Choice, 1996

Against all Odds: Rural Community in the Information Age, John Allen and Don A. Dillman, Choice, 1995.

The Indigenous Voice in World Politics: Since Time Immemorial, Franke Wilmer, Choice, 1994.

Persistent Poverty in Rural America, by the Rural Sociological Sociey Task Force on Persistent Poverty, Choice, 1993.

Forgotten Places: Uneven Development in Rural America,Thomas A. Lyson and William W. Falk, Choice, 1993.

The Future of Rural America: Anticipating Policies for Constructive Change, Kenneth E. Pigg, Editor, Choice 1992.

Rural Policies for the 1990s, Cornelia Flora and James Christianson, Choice, 1992.

The Community in Rural America, Kenneth P. Wilkinson, Choice, 1991

American Rural Communities, A.E. Luloff and Louis Swanson (eds.), Choice, 1990.

New Seeds and Poor People, Michael Lipton with Richard Longhurst, Choice, 1989.

Rural Sociology and the Environment, Donald R. Field and William R. Burch, Choice, 1989.

Putting People First: Sociological Variables in Rural Development, Michael M. Gernea, Ed., Choice, 1987.

Summing Up: The Science of Reviewing Research, Richard Light and David B. Pillemer, Choice, 1985.

Technology and Rural Women, I. Ahmed, Editor, Choice, 1985.

Rural Policy Problems: Changing Dimensions, William P. Browne and Don F. Hadwiger (eds.), Choice, 1983.

Institutions of Rural Development for the Poor: Decentralization and Organizational Linkages, David K. Leonard and Dale Rogers Marshall (eds.), Choice, 1983.

The Social Dimensions of Development: Social Policy and Planning in the Third World, Margaret Hardiman and James Midgley, Choice, 1982.

Power and Influence in a Southern City, James B. Haugh, in Social Forces, Vol. 60, No. 1, September 1981.

Ethical Dilemmas and Social Science Research, Paul Davidson Reynolds in Sociology: Reviews of New Books, Vol. 7, No. 5, July/August 1980.

Community Development in America, James A. Christenson and Jerry W. Robinson (eds.), in Rural Sociology, Vol. 45, No. 4, Winter 1980.

Dependent Development: The Alliance of Multinational, State and Local Capital in Brazil, Peter Evans in Sociology: Reviews of New Books, Vol. 6, No. 6, September/October 1979.

Mail and Telephone Surveys: The Total Design Method, Don Dillman in Sociology: Reviews of New Books, Vol. 6, No. 3, March/April 1979.

Correlation Procedures for Behavioral Science Research, Robert Thorndike in Sociology: Reviews of New Books, Vol. 6, No. 2, January/February 1979.

Doing Sociological Research, Colin Bell and Howard Newby (eds.) in Sociology: Reviews of New Books, Vol. 5, No. 5, July/August 1978.


"Conflict in Community Development: Has Conflict in a Small Appalachian Town in North Carolina from Development?" Southern Sociological Society, Charlotte, NC., April, 2014 (with Chasity Ledford)

"The Outsiders: An Analysis of Locality in Rural North Carolina" Southern Sociological Society, Atlanta, Ga., April 2013 (with Katharine Sudol)

"On Rural Sprawal and the Simulated: A Qualitative Study." North central Socological Association, Pittsburgh, Pa.,April, 2012 (with Nicholas Weitzel)

"Post-Retirement Migration to Rural Areas in the United States: Cultural Conflict and Accommodation: 11th Annual Conference on Migration and Culture, Institute on Research on Migration. Klagenfurt, Austria, June, 2011

"Rural Sprawl: The Effects of Second Home Development and Tourism on a Small Appalachian Community". Presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, August, 2010 (with Morgan Childers)

"Social Capital and Second Home Development in Rural Communities" Mid-West Sociological Society Annual Meetings, April, 2010 (with Morgan Childers)

"Revitalization and Community Satisfaction", I7 Futures Forum, Western Carolina University, April, 2003

"Economic Change and the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians: Casino Gambling and Development", Rural Sociological Society Meetings, Montreal, August 2003

" Gambling and the Economic Security of the American Indian: The Case of the Eastern Band of the Cherokees", Trier, Germany, Conference on Borders. July 2002

"Community Attachment and Migration", Trier, Germany, Mobilities and Mentalities. July, .

"Community Attachment and Use of Downtown Amenities," Rural Sociological Society Meetings, Washington, D.C., August 2000.

"Community Attachment: A Survey of the Residents of a Rural County Toward the Revitalization of the County Seat," Lexington, Kentucky, Southern Rural Sociological Association, February, 2000.

"The Regional Impact of a Gambling Casino in Cherokee, N.C.: A Preliminary Report," with Fred Fisher and Tara Chadwick. Southern Rural Sociological Association, Memphis, Tennessee, February 1999.

"Market Issues and the Master's Degree," presented at the Council of Graduate Schools Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., December 1991.

"Applied Research in Academia: Quality, Recognition and Faculty Development." invited paper, Annual Conference of the American Society of Allied Health Professions, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 1988.

"Development in Africa: Projects by Women for Women," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, Athens, Georgia, August 1988 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Development Roles of Missionaries in Swaziland," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, Madison, Wisconsin, August 1987 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Some Thoughts on Program Evaluation," presented at the Conference of Southern Graduate Schools, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 1987.

"Development Activities of American Missionaries in Sub-Saharan Africa," presented at the Rural Sociology Society Meetings, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 1986 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Black Farm Operators in Virginia, 1930-1978: An Analysis of Control Over Means of Production," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, Blacksburg, VA, August 1985 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Considerations of Sampling Design for the Study of Christian Missionaries in Africa," presented at the African Society of Social Sciences Workshop on Christianity in Africa: Missionaries and Change, Geneva, Switzerland, August 1984.

"The Structure of Agriculture in Virginia: Correlates of Profitability and Plans to Continue Farming," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, San Francisco, CA, September 1982 (with Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Attitudes Toward Development Among Rural Leaders: A Partial Test of the Political Economy of Place Model," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, Toronto, Canada, August 1981.

"An Evaluation of an Academic Advising System from the Point of View of Students," presented at the Association for Institutional Research Forum, Atlanta, GA, April 1980
(with Jo Ann S. Hickey), ERIC: HE 012-875.

"Decision-Making and Extra-Community Assistance to Rural Local Officials," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, Burlington, VT, August 1979, ERIC: ED 175-607.

"Community Participation in Voluntary Associations of Dentists," presented at the meetings of the International Association for Dental Research and the American Association for Dental Research, Atlanta, GA, March 1979 (with Thomasina Borkman and William A. Ayer).

"Comparative Survey of Stutterer's Self-Help Organizations and Their Community Relations," presented at the National Conference of the Association of Voluntary Action Scholars, Toronto, Canada, October 1978 (with Thomasina Borkman).

"Capacity-Building Needs in Rural Virginia: A Preliminary Report," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, San Francisco, August 1978.

"Changing Sex Roles: Married Women in the Labor Force," presented in the Series: New Contributions to Sociological Research, Padagogische Hochschule Niedersachsen, Hannover, Federal Republic of Germany, June 1978.

"The Concept of Region in Regional Development," presented at the Pennsylvania Sociological Society Meetings, Bloomsburg, PA, October 1976.

"Inequality and Service Delivery: The Utilization of Medical Services," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings, New York, August 1976.

"Status Position and Adoption: Some Conceptual Caveats and Some Empirical Support Thereof," presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meeting, San Francisco, August 1975 (with J. W. Converse).


" A Report to the Stecoah Community" (with Morgan Childers) October, 2010

"A Needs Assessment: Cashiers, North Carolina: A Report to the Community Fund of Cashiers (With Alaina Werner) November, 1999

"Administration of University Athletic Programs: Internal Control and Excellence," Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education and George Mason University, 67 pp., August 1986 (with J. Wade Gilley), Executive Summary: ERIC Document ED 268 923.

"Organizational Commitment: A Secondary Analysis of the Army Officer Education and Training Survey," April 1978, Report to U.S. Army Research Institute for Behavioral and Social Sciences (with Thomas C. Wyatt and Jo Ann S. Hickey).

"Capacity Building Needs for Rural Virginia," Final Report, National Science Foundation Grant ISP 76-20175, Richmond: Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 109 pp., September 1978 (with Berkwood Farmer, W. H. Hansen, I.W. Smith and M. H. Silverman).

"A Study of Water Resources Public Decision-Making," December 1971, Technical Report 37, Office of Water Resources Research, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Washington, D.C. (with James R. Finley).


2012-2014 Study of Hayesville, North Carolina

2009-2011 Study of Stecoah, North Carolina

2007-08 Needs Asseement for Cashiers, North Carolina, Funded by the Community Foundation of Cashiers. $7725.00

1999- present: Study of Community Attachment in Rural Small Towns in Western North

1998-2006: Study of The Impact of a Casino on the Economic Development of a Rural,
Regional Economy.

1986-89: Study of American Missionaries in Africa: Summer, fieldwork in Swaziland .

1981-82: National Council on Aging grant for development of position papers for the 1981 White House Conference on Aging. Responsible for sections dealing with the rural elderly. Also assisting NCOA on various research proposals in the area of research design.

1976-78 Fairfax Community Action Program of hidden poverty, assessment of needs and service availability in Fairfax County, Virginia.

1976-79 National Science Foundation Grant to Virginia Department of Agriculture and Commerce to study capacity-building needs of rural governments. Responsible for study design, survey instrument design, analysis of data and final report.

1974-75 Study of Attitudes Toward the Environment in the Catskill Region. Contracted by the Institute of Man and Science. Presented to the Catskill Regional Commission in 1975. Staff Consultant to the Project.

1973-75 Study of Human Resources and Service Delivery in New York. Funded jointly by the Flood Recovery Assistance Program (HUD), the Appalachian Regional Commission, and U.S. Department of Commerce (Economic Development District Planning Assistance Grant).

1973 Study of Manpower Development Through Service Delivery Affiliation with Cooperative Extension, Schoharie County, New York. Part of the National "Project Hitchhike," Department of Labor.


2003- present: Institute on Regional Migration, Trier, Germany: Advisory Council

2000-present Presenter to Leadership programs in Buncombe, Jackson, Haywood Counties

1997- present: Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology: Galway, Ireland: Consultation

1991-97: Workshop Presenter: Program Review. Council of Graduate Schools

1987-97 Conference of Southern Graduate Schools:
- Workshop Coordinator (1987-88)
- Publications Committee (1987-88)
- Membership Committee (1988-90)

1987-88 Rural Sociological Society, Program Committee.

1987-89 Board of Directors, Mountain Aquaculture Research Center.

1987-97 North Carolina Conference of Graduate Schools,
-President (1989-90)
-Vice-President (1988-89)

1980-88 National Science Foundation. Science Education: Evaluation of research proposals and projects.

1981-83 National Endowment for the Humanities. Evaluation of proposals.

1980-87 National Institute for Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse. Evaluation of research needs,
programs and proposals.

-Society and The Environment
-Global Society
-Statistics and Methods
-Stratification and Inequality
-Societal and Regional Development
-Conflict and Conflict Resolution
-Political and Social Change and the Community
-Population Dynamics

-Environmental Sociology
-Community Development
- Political and Social Development of Rural Areas
-Inequality and Social Policy
-Third World Development
-Methodological and Computer Applications to Social Research

Rural Sociological Society
Southern Sociological Society
Phi Kappa Phi
Sigma Xi


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