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AMA: General Guidelines

Things to remember when creating your references page:

  • As a general rule, the minimum information acceptable for citing a printed book includes the name of the author(s), the book title and edition number (if 2nd or above), the city and state (or country) of the publisher, and the publisher’s name and year that the text was copyrighted. If the book is accessed online, the URL and date of access should be included in the citation, as well. 
  • Printed journals should include the name of the author(s), title of the article used, the journal’s name (italicized and properly abbreviated—see common journal abbreviations), the year, volume, and issue number, and the pages of the article (inclusive). If the journal is accessed online, the URL and date of access should be included in the citation, as well.
  • Numbering—AMA calls for superscript numbering with in-text citations. Citations should be cited with consecutive Arabic numerals. Sources appear on the References page not alphabetically but in the order in which each source first appears in-text, using the same Arabic numeral assigned when first introduced.
  • Do not place article or book chapter titles inside quotation marks, unless quotation marks appear in the original form.
  • Article titles are capitalized like sentences. Capitalize the first letter of the first word, proper names, and abbreviations that are usually capitalized.
  • Italicize the titles of books, journals, government bulletins, documents, and pamphlets, capitalizing the first letter of each major word.
  • Your list of entries should be double-spaced throughout.

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